Antoni Macierewicz was born on 3 August 1948 and is a Polish politician and former Minister of National Defense.
Macierewicz was one of the founders in 1976 of the Committee for the Defense of Workers, a leading anti-communist opposition organization that was a precursor to “Solidarity”. During the 1980s, he was director of the “Solidarity” Social Research Center and was one of the union’s main advisers. A former political prisoner, he escaped from prison and remained hidden until 1984, publishing clandestine publications.
He held the position of Minister for Internal Administration from 1991 to 1992, and the Head of the Military Counterintelligence Service from 2006 to 2007. He was a Member of the European Parliament from 23 April 2003 to 19 July 2004 and was appointed Minister of National Defense from 2015 to 2018.
He is currently in his sixth term in the Polish Parliament, where he represents the Piotrków Trybunalski district.
Bernhard, M. H. (1993). The Origins of Democratization in Poland. Workers, Intellectuals, and Oppositional Politics, 1976–1980. Columbia University Press.
Szporer, M. M. (2012). Solidarity: The Great Workers Strike of 1980. Lanham: Lexington Books.